THE LARGEST AND LONGEST TREES IN THE WORLD SEQUOIA AND REDWOOD


The largest tree : The largest tree in the world is a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) in California's Sequoia National Park. Called General Sherman, the tree is about 52,500 cubic feet (1,487 cubic meters) in volume.

That's the equivalent of more than half the volume of an Olympic-size swimming pool, commonly considered to be 88,500 cubic feet (2,506 cubic meters).


General Sherman is estimated to be about 2,000 years old. That makes it only a middle-age giant sequoia, as other trees are believed to be more than 3,220 years old, based on tree ring counts.



The tree lost a huge branch in 2006, which shattered a new walkway and fence below. It didn't affect General Sherman's ranking as the largest tree, however, as that was calculated using trunk volume and not branches.

General Sherman is also tall, standing 274.9 feet (83.8 meters) high, but that doesn't put it anywhere close to the record of tallest tree. The honor of tallest tree in the world is bestowed upon Hyperion, a 379.7-foot-tall (115.7 m) redwood also located in California.



The tallest tree in the world : Hyperion is a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) in California that was measured at 115.85 m (380.1 ft), which ranks it as the world's tallest known living tree .

Hyperion was discovered August 25, 2006, by naturalists Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor.The tree was verified as standing 115.55 m (379.1 ft) tall by Stephen Sillett.


The tree was found in a remote area of Redwood National and State Parks purchased in 1978. It is estimated to contain 530 m3 (18,600 cu ft) of wood.The Park also houses the second tallest tree Helios, and the third tallest Icarus. Sillett estimates Hyperion to be 600 years old while others report it to be roughly 700–800 years old.

The exact location of Hyperion is kept secret to protect the tree from damage .


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